Bunions are an enlargement of the hallux joint at the base of the big toe on the foot and it is almost always associated with a change in the angle or alignment of the big toe. They are very common. The bunion may or may not be painful and it hardly ever looks good and almost always creates a difficulty for the fitting of shoes. They do have a tendency to be genetic and but can also be triggered by using shoes that are too restricted or tight fitting. They are more common in women which might be as a result of the type of footwear which they tend to wear. They can be painful within the joint due to arthritis like symptoms and they also might be painful due to pressure from the footwear on the enlarged joint.
A question commonly asked is, might exercises help bunions? They might be able to, but they are unlikely to really make the bony enlargement go away but they might help improve the angle or alignment of the big toe a little. The best way to make the bunion go away is with surgery. No amount of exercising will make that enlarged joint go down. The amount of pressure creating the bunion and causing the big toe to deviate way exceeds what any exercise is likely to undo. Even so, in spite of this, the exercises that you frequently see suggested are still probably worth carrying out since they may help keep your joint mobile as well as flexible which is a good thing. That increase in the range of motion of the joint will go a long way to assisting pain that frequently occurs inside the joint. The type of bunion exercises which might be most useful are those that stretch and move the joints through its full range of motion in all directions. Often exercises that can strengthen the arch muscles of the feet may also be useful. Even when surgery is used, the exercises both before and after the surgery will help with the therapy.